Puppy Boot Parameters
These are the boot prompt arguments/parameters that one would use with a boot loader∞
. If you're booting from CD/DVD then type puppy
and then the parameters at the prompt shown immediately before Puppy boots, e.g. puppy pkeys=us
Read the documentation included with other boot loaders for where to
include these parameters. The parameters are case-sensitive, so ensure
it's exactly as shown. Additionally, vmlinuz is the filename of the
kernel image that one would need to specify when using a boot loader.
See the isolinux.cfg & boot.msg files in the CD image (.ISO) or on
the CD/DVD for a little more on each version's normal boot options.
Puppy Linux 2.x specific
Applies to 2.16. Specifies the subdirectory in which the kernel is
located on the boot partition. If not specified init will look in /
, I'm not sure which order. example: psubdir=/boot/puppy216
Not specifying this should automatically detect the boot media.
Manually specify the boot media and interface using one of the
following: usbflash usbhd usbcd ideflash idehd idecd idezip satahd satacd scsihd
This would be where USB, IDE, SATA, SCSI are the accepted interfaces
and flash memory, hard drive, CD/DVD drive, ZIP drive are the accepted
drives, e.g. PMEDIA=idehd
- pfix=ram will run Puppy totally in RAM and ignore saved sessions/storage file(s)
- pfix=<n> where <n> is the number of saved sessions to ignore for a multisession-CD
- pfix=rdsh will exit to initial ramdisk commandline (do not pivot_root∞)
- pfix=usbcard for booting from USB flash drive via USB 2.0 to PCMCIA adapter
- pfix=clean will force a simulated version upgrade (for Puppy 2.13 and later)
- pfix=purge will force an even more radical file cleanup (to fix broken system) (for Puppy 2.14 and later)
- pfix=#debug may help with debugging
If using multiple pfix options, separate them with a comma, e.g. pfix=rdsh,usbcard
if you don't want the PCMCIA (PC card)∞
drivers and card manager to be started during the boot process.
The keyboard layout for a country. Default is "us
". Choices are: be br cf de dk es fi fr gr hu it jp no pl ru se uk us
Puppy Linux 1.x specific
This parameter specifies the options for the filesystem within a file
that is used by Puppy Linux to save changes/settings after the first
boot. If PHOME not specified, Puppy will automatically search for a
vfat (FAT32), ext2/ext3 or ReiserFS
partition (in that order) to use; that is, to create the file on.
The format is "PFILE=name
", for example "PFILE=pup0-none-131072
". The most common names of PFILE are pup001 (used by the LiveCD
pup100 (which is used for USB), pup1 (with a hard drive install). One
can also use PFILE=ask or PFILE=no or PFILE=cd. When using PFILE=ask
then Puppy Linux will ask you where you want the file to be (should be
same location as PHOME if used), what name you want to use, and will
default to a size of 256 MB. Starting with 1.0.7, a parameter of "no"
will have Puppy only use a ramdisk and, if possible, a Linux swap
partition. Specifying "cd" should only be done with a multisession
formatted CD-R/DVD-R (usually burned from Puppy) to tell Puppy to
enable using the multisession specific features. A password of "none"
means no password and the filesystem is not encrypted. A password of
"ask" will ask you for a new password at first boot and thereafter. The
size of the filesystem in this example is 131072 KB, which is 128MB.
The example for PFILE shown above is the setting for the live-Puppy v0.7.6 CD. At the least, all the 1.x
versions use a pup001 file without a password at 262144 KB (256 MB).
The filesystem for the file ("pup0" in example) will be ext2 unless
PROOTFS is specified. If you want a password, that is, an encrypted
filesystem, do not use a journaled filesystem (ext3 or ReiserFS
). If you use minix for the file, it must be no bigger than 64MB. Either way make sure to keep it under 1GB.
Specifies the type of filesystem to be used with the PFILE selection.
Allowed choices are umsdos, minix, ext2, ext3. With v0.7.6, reiserfs
may also work (untested). If you have PFILE defined, then you don't
need PROOTFS as it defaults to ext2.
This specifies a sleep time, in seconds. This is required if your home
device is a USB device, typically 25 seconds is needed for USB 1.1; 5
seconds for USB 2.0. Note that if you define this variable and do not
define PHOME, Puppy will automatically search at sda1 and sda2.
This specifies the Linux device name (which in turn specifies the boot
media/interface and partition) that will be your home folder where all
your data can permanently reside. The default behavior is explained in
the PFILE section above. The preceding /dev/ should be omitted e.g. phome=hdb1
The keyboard layout for a country. Default is "us". Choices are: be br cf de dk es fi fr gr hu it jp no pl ru se uk us
General kernel parameters
This is actually a parameter that is used by the kernel/init process
before Puppy takes over, but you are likely to get strange error
messages and a failed boot if your command line does not include the
because Puppy normally loads into a ramdisk.
The initial ramdisk should always be initrd=image.gz
with Puppy Linux 1.x
with Puppy 2.x
This may be needed by people who have remastered Puppy 1.x
The kernel is configured with a 12288KB maximum ramdisk, and image.gz
once expanded has to fit into this. If bigger, the boot parameter
"ramdisk_size=" has to be used to specify a suitable size to hold all
of image.gz (uncompressed) plus some spare space. For example: ramdisk_size=15360
would result in a 15360KB maximum ramdisk.
This controls the amount of messages displayed while booting (log
level). If you are having problems booting then increasing this could
give you more info helpful for debugging/troubleshooting.
Beginning with Puppy 2.11, loglevel=3
is used by
default, which reduces the onboot display of messages to be limited to
noncritical & critical errors. With Puppy 2.11 and later, the
detailed boot messages are logged to /tmp/bootkernel.log,
/initrd/tmp/bootinit.log, /tmp/sysinit.log. Detailed ongoing messages
are logged to /tmp/xerrs.log (X) and /var/log/messages (kernel).
would show everything mentioned before and warning conditions that should be taken care of.
Normally, without this parameter being specified, the log level would
be set to 5, which would display everything mentioned before and normal
but significant events. Recent versions of (Puppy 2.10 or later?) have
the log level set to 3 in the kernel.
would show all the messages during boot
including kernel debugging messages, and would be recommended to use
for troubleshooting problems during booting.
is the same as loglevel=7
is the same as loglevel=4
. They would be used by themselves without a = and see the above loglevel section for more.
If this is omitted then Puppy Linux will automatically determine if ACPI∞
is available. Now if the BIOS is dated 2000 or earlier for Puppy 1.x
or 2001 or earlier for Puppy 2.x
then ACPI won't be used. But if you are sure that your BIOS∞
has ACPI support anyways then use acpi=force
to enable it. Now, also, using ACPI may cause problems with some computers, so you can outright disable it by using acpi=off
. But some other options would be to use acpi=noirq
to specify to not use ACPI for IRQ routing, add acpi=strict
option to be less tolerant of platforms that are not strictly ACPI
specification compliant (i.e. disable platform workarounds), and acpi=ht
to run only enough ACPI to enable Hyper-Threading∞
If this is omitted then Puppy Linux will automatically determine if APM∞
should be used if ACPI is not available. To enable/disable APM yourself, use apm=on
Booting from some CompactFlash
and other drives need this: ide=nodma
Force the use of the PCI∞
BIOS by not accessing the hardware directly. This means that the kernel
should trust the BIOS, which is not the standard thing to do (as BIOSes
are known to lie more often than they are known to be valid). Use this
only if your machine has a nonstandard PCI host bridge and the normal
boot method is not working properly.
Do not use the PCI BIOS, but access the hardware directly instead. This
is the default method of probing for PCI devices in all kernels after
2.6.13 (which includes Puppy 2.x
Use PCI BIOS calls to get the interrupt routing table. These calls are
known to be buggy on several machines and hang these machine when used,
but on other machines they are the only way to get the interrupt
routing table. Try this option if the kernel is unable to allocate IRQs∞
or discover secondary PCI buses on your motherboard.
Do not use ACPI for IRQ routing or for PCI scanning.
Set the main Plug and Play (PnP)∞
BIOS settings. pnpbios=on
enables the PnP
BIOS subsystem. pnpbios=off
disables the PnP
BIOS subsystem. pnpbios=curr
tells the PnP
BIOS subsystem to use the current static settings and pnpbios=no-curr
tells the subsystem to probe for dynamic settings if possible.
"Normally on i386 based machines, the Linux kernel does not reset the
keyboard controller at boot, since the BIOS is supposed to do this. But
as usual, not all machines do what they should. Supplying this option
may help if you are having problems with your keyboard behaviour. It
simply forces a reset at initialization time. (Some have argued that
this should be the default behaviour anyways)."
When the kernel is booted with boot-parameter vga=791
(for 1024x768 for example), the Puppy commandline (prior to starting X)
is a VESA graphics mode, meaning that you get more lines on the screen
and more characters per line. You also get a penguin logo while
booting. If you use vga=ask
then it will prompt you with a
list of various video modes that you can use. Then you can use the
corresponding number in place of ask for the next boot.
There are some additional arguments for SCSI peripherals∞
and old CD-ROMs (Non-SCSI/ATAPI/IDE)∞
. Also you can try ide1=0x180,0x386 or ide2=0x180,0x386 if your PCMCIA IDE CD-ROM is not being detected.
Useful titbits of info
48MB = 49152KB, 64MB=65536KB, 128MB=131072KB, 512MB=524288KB,
1GB=1048576KB - i.e. there are 1024 kilobytes (KB) in a megabyte (MB).
Puppy v0.7.4 uses a 64MB ramdisk, v0.7.6 uses only 48MB, recent
versions need 64-128MB.
See Barry's notes on configuring Puppy∞
This page is suggested by http://www.murga.org/~puppy/viewtopic.php?p=8550#8550∞
See The Linux BootPrompt-HowTo∞
for a detailed explanation of most of the Linux boot prompt arguments.
The book, Linux Kernel in a Nutshell∞
specifically Chapter 9: Kernel Boot Command-Line Parameter Reference,
is freely available online and is very helpful for more on this
subject, as well.
For a more complete list, see the documentation (kernel-parameters.txt) included with kernel 2.4.22∞
is similar to the version used with Puppy 1.x
or the one included with kernel 220.127.116.11∞
which would be similar for Puppy 2.x
- Introduction to boot time parameters of the Linux kernel
LOADLIN User Guide∞
initrd - boot loader initialized RAM disk∞